Man is an interesting being. This is mainly because of the complex mind human beings have. Numerous discoveries have been made by psychologists relating to the mind and how people behave. A lot of these discoveries have really helped to increase the knowledge base in the field of behavioral science and even in health sciences as well. Psychology and medicine are intertwined, and just like people have physical illnesses, there are also pathologies of the mind. Mental diseases can also be referred to as psychopathologies. Alcoholism is considered one of the mental illnesses that people suffer as an addiction in the DSM.
When one is addicted to something they become unable to function normally as they would unless they get whatever it is that makes them feel gratified. Addiction is a problem. It comes in a variety of forms for example drug addiction and alcohol addiction. Alcoholism can be helped, therefore regardless of which kind of addiction, the model of treatment usually is similar and the stages of recovery are the same. Several centers have been opened to help rehabilitate people with addiction problems. Below are some of the steps used by these mental health practitioners in treatment.
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During this stage the individual with the issue has not yet come to terms with their problem. They don’t actually see themselves as having an issues and they might end up getting annoyed with anyone who tells them about the problem. They may have the perception that people are overplaying the situation. Four reasons exist as to why one might be in this pre-contemplation stage. It might be because of rebellion, reluctance rationalization, or resignation.
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The contemplation Stage
During this stage, the person comes to the reality of the fact that they have a problem and that their behavior is maladaptive because of it. Like the name suggests the person begins to actively think about change, but it remains in their mind. Despite the will to change most people still stay away at this point because they fear commitment.
The Determination Stage
At this point, the change actually commences. One is usually ready to commit to action and people in this stage will begin to way the costs and the benefits of change in their lives. People here will tend to seek professional help just so they can get help.
Stage of Action
Here the intervention process actively begins. Most people will make a public statement to people they know. The people whose support system is strong will tend to make recoveries faster.
Maintenance and Relapse
Having to maintain the positive change is usually the next challenge. However, it is possible to relapse, as it is one of the parts of change. Some people change completely while others can go a long time without relapsing or going back to the addiction.